Otis-Green, S., Ferrell, B., Spolum, M., Uman, G., Mullan, P., Baird, P., & Grant, M. (2009). An overview of the ACE Project – Advocating for clinical excellence:  Transdisciplinary palliative care education.  Journal of Cancer Education, 24, 120-126.


Quality Improvement and Innovation Partnership. (2008).  Team development resource guide for family health teams.  Retrieved from:

Vyt, A. (2008). Interprofessional and transdisciplinary teamwork in health care. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 24(Suppl 1), S106-S109.

Tools that Measure Teamwork:

“Measuring teamwork and patient safety attitudes of high-risk areas,”by A. Kaissi, T. Johnson, and M.S.Kirschbaum, 2003, Nursing Economics 21(5), pp. 207,211-8.

 “Using the Communication and Teamwork Skills (CATS) Assessment to measure health care team performance,”by A. Frankel, R. Gardner, L. Maynard, and A. Kelly, 2007, Joint Commission Journal on Quality & Patient Safety, 33(9), pp.549-58.

“Validation of a tool to measure and promote clinical teamwork,”by J.M. Guise, S.H. Deering, B.G. Kanki, P. Osterweil, H. Li, M. Mori, and N.K. Lowe, 2008, Simulation in Healthcare: The Journal of the Society for Medical Simulation, 3(4), pp.217-23.



Arnold, E., & Underman Boggs, K. (1999).  Interpersonal relationships:  Professional communication skills for nurses (3rd ed.).  Philadelphia:  W.B. Saunders Company.

Heinle, D.P. (2001).  Vision, mission, and team member commitment.  Home Health Care Management & Practice, 13, 85-92.

Henkin, A.B., & Marchiori, D.M. (2003).  Empowerment and organizational commitment of chiropractic faculty.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 26(5), 275-281. 

Hodgson, N.A. (2006).  Personal commitment:  Quilting as a metaphor for palliative care teams in the nursing home setting.  Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 8(4), 227-232. 

Reina, M.L., Reina, D.S., & Rushton, C.H.  (2007). Trust: The foundation for team collaboration and healthy work environments.  AACN Advanced Critical Care, 18(2), 103-108.

Umiker, W. (1999). The name of the game is commitment.  The Health Care Supervisor, 17(3), 38-43.

Tools that Measure Cohesiveness

“Cohesiveness in groups: A concept in search of a definition,”by L.S. Beeber and M.H. Schmitt, 1986, Advances in Nursing Science, 8(2), pp.1-11.

“Development and testing of the Multidimensional Trust in Health Care Systems Scale” by L.E. Egede, & C. Ellis, 2008, Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(6) pp. 808-15.

“The health care relationship (HCR) trust scale: Development and psychometric evaluation” by C. Bova, K.P.Fennie, E. Watrous, K. Dieckhaus and A.B. Williams, 2006,  Research in Nursing & Health, 29(5), pp. 477-88.



Busing, N., Way D.O., & Jones, L. (2000). Implementation strategies: "Collaboration in primary care — Family Doctors and Nurse Practitioners delivering shared care". Toronto:  Ontario College of Family Physicians.  Retrieved from:

D’Amour, D., Goulet, L., Labadie, J.F., San Martin-Rodriques, L., & Pineault,R. (2008).  A model and typology of collaboration between professionals in health care organizations.  BMC Health Services Research, 8, 188.

Nolte, J. (2005).  Enhancing interdisciplinary collaboration in primary health care in Canada.  Enhancing Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Primary Health Care Initiative.  Retrieved from:

Oandasan, I., D'Amour, D., Zwarenstein, M., Barker, K., Purden, M., Beaulieu, M., Reeves, S., Nasmith, L., Bosco, C., Ginsburg, L., & Tregunno, D. (2004). Interdisciplinary education for collaborative, patient-centred practice. Ottawa: Health Canada.  Retrieved from:

Tools that Measure Collaboration

“An innovative team collaboration assessment tool for a quality improvement curriculum,” by P.Varkey, P.Gupta, J.J.Arnold, and L.C.Torsher, 2009, American Journal of Medical Quality. 24(1), pp. 6-11.

“Development of an instrument to measure collaboration and satisfaction about care decisions,” by J. Baggs, 1994, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 20, pp. 176–182.

“Evidence-based behavioral practice: An exemplar of interprofessional collaboration,” by R.P. Newhouse, 2008,  Journal of Nursing Administration, 38(10), pp. 414-6.

“Improving the effectiveness of primary health care through nurse practitioner/family physician structured collaborative practice (NA342), by D.Way, L. Jones, and N.B.Baskerville, 2001, Final report to the Primary Health Care Transition Fund, University of Ottawa.  Retrieved from:


“Interprofessional collaboration: Effects of practice-based interventions on professional practice and healthcare outcomes”, by M. Zwarenstein, J. Goldman, and S. Reeves, 2009, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD000072.

“Nurse-Physician Collaboration Scale: Development and psychometric testing,” by R.Ushiro, 2009, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(7), pp. 1497-508.

Quality Improvement & Innovation Partnership – contains toolkits for Family Health Teams, team building resources as well as links to other resources:

“Validity and reliability of the Collaborative Practice Scales,” by S.J. Weiss and H.P. Davis, 1985, Nursing Research, 34(5), pp. 299-305.
Home Supportive Environment Organizational Champions Examining Patient Care Interprofessional Change Preceptorships Evaluation

Key Challenges


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